Product Uses Include
Eukaryotic kinesin motor proteins orchestrate a wide range of kinetic events within a cell. They have been shown to move cargo, such as chromosomes and vesicles, along microtubule tracks (1). They also play a major role in the organization of cytoskeletal architecture as evidenced in the establishment of the microtubule spindle during mitosis (2).
Kinesins operate by utilizing the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move along their microtubule (MT) substrates. Once a kinesin motor binds to its MT track, the ATPase rate of the motor is often enhanced several hundred to several thousand-fold (3). MT activated kinesin ATPase is a major parameter in motor function and serves as a powerful method to monitor and study kinesin activity under various experimental conditions.
As part of its Cytoskeleton Motor Werks (CMW) line of research reagents, Cytoskeleton, Inc. has developed the Kinesin ATPase End-Point Biochem Kit™ (BK053). The kinesin end-point assay is an extremely quick and economical way to measure inorganic phosphate (Pi) generated during the microtubule activated ATPase activity of kinesin motor proteins. Large numbers of assays can be performed simultaneously in a homogenous reaction, making the assay highly suitable for HTS applications. The assay is based upon a colorimetric change, measured at 650 nm.
More detailed kinetic studies for kinesin MT activated ATPase assays can be performed with Biochem Kit™ BK060. Cytoskeleton, Inc. also offers a wide range of kinesin motors (see the Cytoskeleton Motor Werks page).
The kit contains sufficient materials for 1000 assays. The following components are included:
The activity of the Eg5-specific inhibitor, monastrol, was tested on 9 different kinesin motor domains (see the CMW page). Of the assayed motor domains, only the ATPase activity of Eg5 was inhibited. (Fig 1)
Figure 1. Inhibition of kinesin activity with the Eg5 specific inhibitor monastrol. The results show percent of full kinesin activity in the presence of 100 µM monastrol. As expected, only Eg5 ATPase activity is inhibited by monastrol.
C Aguilera. Et. Al, The Novel KIF1A Missense Variant (R169T) Strongly Reduces Microtubule Stimulated ATPase Activity and Is Associated With NESCAV Syndrome https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2021.618098 (2021)
Bae, Jinhye. Et. Al, A Micromachined Picocalorimeter Sensor for Liquid Samples with Application to Chemical Reactions and Biochemistry https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202003415 (2021)
Luo, Ruibai et al. “Direct Functional Interaction of the Kinesin-13 Family Member Kinesin-like Protein 2A (Kif2A) and Arf GAP with GTP-binding Protein-like, Ankyrin Repeats and PH Domains1 (AGAP1).” The Journal of biological chemistry vol. 291,41 (2016): 21350-21362. doi:10.1074/jbc.M116.732479
J.P. Holland et al. 2013. Synthesis and evaluation of biphenyl compounds as kinesin spindle protein inhibitors. Chem. Biodivers. 10, 538-555.
J.P. Holland et al. 2013. Fluorinated quinazolinones as potential radiotracers for imaging kinesin spindle protein expression. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 21, 496-507.
C.J. Funk et al. 2004. Development of high-throughput screens for discovery of kinesin adenosine triphosphatase modulators. Anal. Biochem. 329, 68-76.
|Aguilera, Cinthia et al.||The Novel KIF1A Missense Variant (R169T) Strongly Reduces Microtubule Stimulated ATPase Activity and Is Associated With NESCAV Syndrome||Frontiers in Neuroscience||2021|
|Fukai, Ryota et al.||Design, synthesis, and evaluation of a novel prodrug, a S-trityl-L-cysteine derivative targeting kinesin spindle protein||European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry||2021||ISSN 1768-3254|
|Bae, Jinhye et al.||A Micromachined Picocalorimeter Sensor for Liquid Samples with Application to Chemical Reactions and Biochemistry||Advanced Science||2021||ISSN 2198-3844|
|Tao, Li et al.||Tum/RacGAP functions as a switch activating the Pav/kinesin-6 motor||Nature Communications||2016||ISSN 2041-1723|
|Reuter, Jason A. et al.||Simul-seq: Combined DNA and RNA sequencing for whole-genome and transcriptome profiling||Nature Methods||2016||ISSN 1548-7105|
|Luo, Ruibai et al.||Direct functional interaction of the kinesin-13 family membrane kinesin-like protein 2A (Kif2A) and Arf GAP with GTP-binding Protein-like, ankyrin repeats and PH domains1 (AGAP1)||Journal of Biological Chemistry||2016||ISSN 1083-351X|
|Carbajales, Carlos et al.||Structure-based design of new KSP-Eg5 inhibitors assisted by a targeted multicomponent reaction||ChemBioChem||2014||ISSN 1439-7633|
|Holland, Jason P. et al.||Synthesis and Evaluation of Biphenyl Compounds as Kinesin Spindle Protein Inhibitors||Chemistry & Biodiversity||2013||ISSN 1612--1880|
|Holland, Jason P. et al.||Fluorinated quinazolinones as potential radiotracers for imaging kinesin spindle protein expression||Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry||2013||ISSN 1464--3391|
|Funk, C. Joel et al.||Development of high-throughput screens for discovery of kinesin adenosine triphosphatase modulators||Analytical biochemistry||2004||ISSN 0003--2697|
Question 1: What is the detection range of the Kinesin ATPase End-Point Biochem Kit (Cat. # BK053)?
Answer 1: The reaction can detect phosphate over a range of 1 μM – 50 μM Pi (equivalent to 0.1 nmoles – 5.0 nmoles Pi in 100 μl reaction volume).
Question 2: Is the Kinesin ATPase End-Point Biochem Kit (Cat. # BK053) compatible with other kinesins sold by Cytoskeleton or only the human kinesin heavy chain protein included with the kit?
Answer 2: Yes, the Kinesin ATPase End-Point Biochem Kit (Cat. # BK053) can be used with any of the other kinesin motor proteins sold by Cytoskeleton, Inc. Please see the protein’s datasheet on our website (www.cytoskeleton.com) for representative data detailing each motor protein’s ATPase activity using either this kit (Cat. # BK053) or our Kinesin ELIPA Biochem Kit (Cat. # BK060).
If you have any questions concerning this product, please contact our Technical Service department at firstname.lastname@example.org