Product Uses Include
The most reproducible and accurate method of determining the amount of filamentous actin (F-actin) content versus free globular-actin (G-actin) content in a cell population is to use Western blot quantitation of F-actin and G-actin cellular fractions (1-4). The general approach is to homogenize cells in F-actin stabilization buffer, followed by centrifugation to separate the F-actin from G-actin pool. The fractions are then separated by SDS-PAGE and actin is quantitated by Western blot. The final result gives the most accurate method of determining the ratio of F-actin incorporated into the cytoskeleton versus the G-actin found in the cytosol. This kit contains all the reagents needed to perform this assay.
The kit contains sufficient materials for 30-100 assays depending assay setup and includes reagents for positive and negative controls. The following components are included:
Changes in the amount of G-actin and F-actin were investigated in Swiss 3T3 cells treated with the actin polymerizing drug jasplakinolide, using the G-actin/F-actin in vivo assay kit. In untreated Swiss 3T3 cells, 80% of actin is soluble G-actin, and is found within the supernatant fraction, 20% of actin is filamentous F-actin and is found in the pellet fraction. In Swiss 3T3 cells treated with jasplakinolide, 80% of actin is reorganized into F-actin and is found in the pellet fraction (Fig. 1).
Figure 1. Reorganization of actin in Swiss 3T3 cells after treatment with jasplakinolide. Swiss 3T3 cells were treated with jasplakinolide (Jaspl) or left untreated (Untr) and the G-actin (G) and F-actin (F) content was assayed using BK037. Treatment with jasplakinolide resulted in a potent accumulation of F-actin.
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Question 1: At which step can the assay be stopped?
Answer 1: The assay cannot be stopped until after the 100,000 x g spin for 1 hour at 37°C. After this high speed centrifugation, the supernatant (G-actin) can be mixed with SDS loading buffer and frozen for later use. The pellet (F-actin) should be resuspended with a depolymerizing agent and water and then mixed with SDS loading buffer and frozen for later use. Upon freezing, F-actin depolymerizes, so it is necessary to separate the F-actin from the G-actin before freezing samples to isolate samples for an accurate measurement of F-actin and G-actin ratios.
Question 2: How sensitive is this assay?
Answer 2: The assay can detect as small as a 15% shift in G-actin to F-actin ratio. Each condition should be performed in duplicate and repeated several times as assay reproducibility can vary by 10-20% between experiments.
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