MemGlow™ 590: Fluorogenic Membrane Probe (a member of the MEMBRIGHT™ family)

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The MemGlow™ product line consists of bright & non toxic live cell membrane probes. Originally developed as the MEMBRIGHT™ probes1-3, MemGlow™ fluorogenic probes exhibit ideal microscopy characteristics including high specificity, low background, and simple application. MemGlow™ 590 has been validated with multiple microscopy techniques including epifluorescent (widefield), confocal, 2-photon, and TIRF1. MemGlow™  has been confirmed to work in fixed cells, fixed tissue, live cells, and other phospholipid membranes such as extracellular vesicles including exosomes1-3.

Features and advantages of MemGlow™ probes:

  • Bright and fluorogenic
  • Simple staining protocol and low working concentration
  • Compatible with live and fixed cell staining (see important technical notes in About Tab)
  • Compatible with ex vivo and fixed tissue staining 
  • Non-toxic probes permit long-term imaging and re-imaging of live cells
  • Efficient labeling of filopodia and nanotubes at nanomolar concentrations
  • No dye quenching steps required
  • Do not alter sample biology
  • Utilize cyanine or BODIPY dyes with zwitterionic membrane anchor groups
  • Superior to many existing plasma membrane dyes

 

For more detailed information on using this product see the About Tab 

** 2 nmol of MemGlow will produce a 20µM stock solution when reconstituted with 100 µl of anhydrous DMSO

  • For an in-depth look at MemGlow™ probes (part of the MemBright family) view their groundbreaking publication by clicking this  link 

  • Learn about the advances in membrane probes and tools: newsletter

Turn-on mechanism of MemGlow™ probes. MemGlow™ probes are self-quenched nanoparticles until integration with the plasma membrane enables their excitation.

 Cytoskeleton's new MemGlow™ probes, part of the MemBright™ family, was used to visualize the plasma membrane of live KB cells with a laser scanning confocal microscope set to 5% laser power (488 nm) for 340 frames with 2 scans per frame and continuous illumination for 15 minutes.

MEMBRIGHT™ is a trademark of CNRS/UNISTRA of France.

Material

As measured in DMSO, the absorption max of MemGlow™ 590 is 595 nm, with an emission spectra of 613 nm, an extinction coeffi-cient of 120x103, and can be visualized using a Cy3.5 filter set or other suitable filter sets including Texas Red. MemGlow™  590 is supplied as a lyophilized pellet. Avoid contact with MemGlow™ by wearing appropriate PPE and dispose of according to local regulations and policies.

 

Storage and Reconstitution

The lyophilized product is stable at 4°C (<10% humidity) for 6 months and should be protected from light. To reconstitute 2 nmol, briefly centrifuge to collect the product at the bottom of the tube. MemGlow™  should be reconstituted with 100 µl of anhydrous DMSO to create a 20 µM stock solution for cell imaging or with 10 µl of anhydrous DMSO to create a 200 µM stock suitable for tissue  or small organism imaging. After reconstitution the  solution should  be  stored  at -20°C where it is stable for 3 months. Once reconstituted, allow to warm to room temperature before opening tube.

Important Technical Notes

  1. Diluted solutions of MemGlow™ in aqueous media must be used immediately (<20 sec), as MemGlow™ will precipitate and/or bind to tube walls.
  2. Serum can reduce MemGlow™ staining efficiency. When possible MemGlow™ staining should take place in the absence of serum. Optimally, the imaging cell media is serum-free media, reduced serum media, or PBS. In lieu of serum removal, the concentration of MemGlow™  should be increased.
  3. Samples incubating in MemGlow™ solution should be protected from light.
  4. MemGlow™ is non-toxic and live cells can be returned to normal cell media following labeling, and relabeled after 3-4 days.
  5. The localization of MemGlow™ to lipid bilayers is easy to achieve with this product; however, differences in cell morphology and microscope technology, e.g., confocal vs. epifluorescence, will influence the visualization of MemGlow™.
  6. When co-labeling with antibodies that require permeabilization limit the concentration of Triton-X to 0.1%.
  7. MemGlow™ is fully compatible with 4% paraformaldehyde (PFA); however, 4% PFA partially permeabilizes the cell membrane so internalization of probes should be expected.
  8. For tissues and small organisms an initial labeling concentration of 2 µM is recommended. For cell culture an initial labeling concentration 20-200 nM is recommended.
  9. Homogeneity of tissue labeling can be optimized with a longer incubation at 4°C rather than relatively brief incubations at room temperature; however, both approaches can label plasma membranes.

 

Live cells

Fixed cells

Tissue or small organisms

Working  Solution (nM)

100

100

2000

Application 1: Labeling the plasma membrane of live cells in culture.

Reagents

  1. MemGlow™ 590 (Cat. # MG03).
  2. Semi-confluent Tib-71 or HEK293 cells grown in a chamber slide.
  3. Imaging medias: PBS, serum-free media or reduced serum media.

Equipment

  1. Fluorescent microscope with a Cy3.5 excitation filter at 580 +/-20 nm and emission filter at 620 +/-20 nm for MemGlow™ 590.
  2. Digital camera.

Method

  1. Cells should be seeded onto imaging-appropriate glass or plastics and grown according to cell line requirements to semi-confluency.
  2. Remove any cell culture media from your cells and replace with the media used for imaging (e.g., serum-free media). Do not allow the cells to dry.
  3. Prepare the probe solution by diluting 5 µl of 20 µM MemGlow™ stock in 1 mL imaging media to create a 100 nM working solution or and mix thoroughly. Work quickly (<20 secs) as the probes will begin to aggregate reducing labeling efficiency.
  4. Add diluted probe solution to cells by replacing the cell media with diluted probe solution until covered. Incubate cells in MemGlow™ solution for 10 minutes at room temperature. 37°C incubation can be used but will accelerate endocytosis of probes.
  5. No washing step is required prior to imaging, but can be performed if desired with imaging media.
  6. Proceed with imaging.

Application 2: Labeling the plasma membrane of fixed cells in culture.

Reagents

  1. MemGlow™ 590 (Cat. # MG03).
  2. Semi-confluent Tib71 or HEK293 cells grown on acid-washed coverslips.
  3. Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, 20 mM potassium phosphate pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl) .
  4. Fixative solution (4.0 % paraformaldehyde in PBS).
  5. Glass microscope slide.
  6. Coverslip sealing solution (clear nail polish).
  7. EMS Fluoro-Gel mounting media (Cat. # 17985-10)

Equipment

  1. Fluorescent microscope with a Cy3.5 excitation filter at 580 +/-20 nm and emission filter at 620 +/-20 nm for MemGlow™ 590.
  2. Digital camera.

Method

  1. Cells should be seeded onto imaging-appropriate glass or plastics and grown according to cell line requirements to semi-confluency.
  2. Remove cell media and wash cells 1X-2X with PBS.
  3. Fix cells for 10-15 minutes at room temperature with 4% paraformaldehyde (PFA).
  4. Remove excess PFA by washing cells with PBS 3X.
  5. (Optional) If co-labeling, permeabilization can be performed at this point. Add 0.1% Triton-X 100 in PBS followed by the primary and secondary antibody protocol according to supplier.
  6. Prepare the probe solution by diluting 5 µl of 20 µM MemGlow™ stock in 1 mL imaging media to create a 100 nM working solution or and mix thoroughly. Work quickly (<20 secs) as the probes will begin to aggregate reducing labeling efficiency.
  7. Incubate cells in MemGlow™ solution for 10 minutes at room temperature.
  8. Remove MemGlow™ solution and wash cells with PBS 1X-2X.
  9. If desired place mounting media onto microscope slide.
  10. Apply cover slip cell-side down onto mounting media or microscope slide.
  11. If desired apply coverslip sealing solution according to manufacturers directions.
  12. Proceed with imaging.

Product Citations

  1. Collot, M. et al. MemBright: A Family of Fluorescent Membrane Probes for Advanced Cellular Imaging and Neuroscience. Cell Chem. Biol. 26, 600-614.e7 (2019).
  2. Hyenne, V. et al. Studying the Fate of Tumor Extracellular Vesicles at High Spatiotemporal Resolution Using the Zebrafish Embryo. Dev. Cell 48, 554-572.e7 (2019).
  3. Collot, M., Boutant, E., Lehmann, M. & Klymchenko, A. S. BODIPY with Tuned Amphiphilicity as a Fluorogenic Plasma Membrane Probe. Bioconjug. Chem. 30, 192–199 (2019).

MEMBRIGHT™ is a trademark of CNRS/UNISTRA of France.

 

Ashoka, Anila Hoskere et al. “Near-infrared fluorescent coatings of medical devices for image-guided surgery.” Biomaterials vol. 261 (2020): 120306. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.120306
Charpentier, Cyrille et al. “Ultrabright Terbium Nanoparticles for FRET Biosensing and in Situ Imaging of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors.” Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 10.1002/chem.202002007. 5 Jun. 2020, doi:10.1002/chem.202002007
Boyer, Michael J et al. “Endothelial cell-derived extracellular vesicles alter vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype through high-mobility group box proteins.” Journal of extracellular vesicles vol. 9,1 1781427. 18 Jun. 2020, doi:10.1080/20013078.2020.1781427
Giri, Khem Raj et al. “Molecular and Functional Diversity of Distinct Subpopulations of the Stressed Insulin-Secreting Cell's Vesiculome.” Frontiers in immunology vol. 11 1814. 30 Sep. 2020, doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.01814
Valanciunaite, Jurga et al. “Polarity Mapping of Cells and Embryos by Improved Fluorescent Solvatochromic Pyrene Probe.” Analytical chemistry vol. 92,9 (2020): 6512-6520. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.0c00023
Collot, Mayeul et al. “MemBright: A Family of Fluorescent Membrane Probes for Advanced Cellular Imaging and Neuroscience.” Cell chemical biology vol. 26,4 (2019): 600-614.e7. doi:10.1016/j.chembiol.2019.01.009
Hyenne, Vincent et al. “Studying the Fate of Tumor Extracellular Vesicles at High Spatiotemporal Resolution Using the Zebrafish Embryo.” Developmental cell vol. 48,4 (2019): 554-572.e7. doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2019.01.014
Collot, Mayeul et al. “BODIPY with Tuned Amphiphilicity as a Fluorogenic Plasma Membrane Probe.” Bioconjugate chemistry vol. 30,1 (2019): 192-199. doi:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.8b00828

Q1. Can I use MemGlow™ in experiments that require cell permeabilization for antibody co-labeling?

A1. Yes, MemGlow™ have been successfully used in co-labeling experiments requiring permeabilization using Triton-X 100 up to 0.1%¹.

 

Q2. Is MemGlow™ compatible with live cell labeling?

A2. Yes, MemGlow™ is non-toxic and can be used to label live cells¹. After imaging, labeled cells can be returned to normal cell media and relabeled again 3-4 days later.

 

Q3. Will MemGlow™ efficiently label tissues or other lipid bilayers such exosomes?

A3. Yes, MemGlow™ has been used to label fixed and sectioned tissues¹, ex vivo liver tissues¹, and exosomes³.

 

Q4. Will MemGlow™ produce precise localization of the plasma membrane in fixed cell applications?

A4. MemGlow™ localizes specifically to the plasma membrane of cells; however, if the cell membrane is disrupted, MemGlow will label phospholipids within the cellular milieu. As paraformaldehyde fixation partially permeabilizes the plasma membrane, intracellular MemGlow signal should be expected.

FAQ_fixed_cell_example_MemGlow_jpg
Raw 267.4 cell fixed with 4% PFA and labeled with MemGlow. MemGlow signal is seen throughout the cell.

Citations

  1. Collot, M. et al. MemBright: A Family of Fluorescent Membrane Probes for Advanced Cellular Imaging and Neuroscience. Cell Chem. Biol. 26, 600-614.e7 (2019).
  2. Collot, M., Boutant, E., Lehmann, M. & Klymchenko, A. S. BODIPY with Tuned Amphiphilicity as a Fluorogenic Plasma Membrane Probe. Bioconjug. Chem. 30, 192–199 (2019).
  3. Hyenne, V. et al. Studying the Fate of Tumor Extracellular Vesicles at High Spatiotemporal Resolution Using the Zebrafish Embryo. Dev. Cell 48, 554-572.e7 (2019).