The Signal-Seeker™ line of produts have been developed to allow simple analysis of key regulatory protein modifications by specialists and non-specialists alike. The comprehensive Signal-Seeker™ kits provide an affinity bead system to isolate and enrich modified proteins from any given cell or tissue lysate. The enriched protein population is then analyzed by standard western blot procedures using a primary antibody to the target protein.
Product Uses Include
Validation Data: Phosphotyrosine Detection Kit White Paper
The Phosphotyrosine kit contains the following components:
|Lysis and protein quantitation step
|IP and pre-clear step
BlastR™ Lysis Buffer
BlastR™ Dilution Buffer
Protease Inhibitor Cocktail
Tyrosine Phosphatase inhibitor Cocktail
Precision Red Protein Assay Reagent
Phosphotyrosine Affinity Beads
IgG Control Beads
BlastR™ Wash Buffer
Bead Elution Buffer
Chemiluminescent Reagent A
Chemiluminescent Reagent B
There are many applications for these kits (see next section below), here we describe an interesting example:
Application 1: Investigate highly transient regulation events
Temporal changes in Rac1 tyrosyl phosphorylation were examined relative to Rac1 activation in response to EGF treatment. HeLa cells were grown to 50% confluency and treated for varying amounts of time (0.5 min-30 min) with 50 ng/ml EGF. The Rac1 activation profile (performed using kit BK035) showed a classical activation pattern in which Rac1 activation peaked rapidly after EGF treatment (0.5 min), thereafter falling to basal levels. The phosphotyrosine Rac1 profile (performed using kit BK160) revealed a modification pattern in which Rac1 tyrosyl phosphorylation was rapidly reduced from basal levels after EGF treatment (0.5-1 min) thereafter returning to basal levels. Each lane represents immunoprecipitated phosphotyrosine proteins from 1000 μg of cell lysate. The figures shown to he right are representative of at least 5 repeats. Lane IN represents 10 μg of input lysate.
Figure 1: Serum starved HeLa cells were either left untreated or treated with EGF (50ng/ml) for specific times as indicated. Cells were lysed in RIPA buffer.APY03 beads were used to immunoprecipitate pY proteins from 1 mg of total cell lysate from each condition. Samples were resolved by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotted with anti-Rac1 antibody to detect tyrosyl phosphorylated-Rac1 from the immunoprecipitated pY protein population
Other experiments that could be attempted in this area of research include:
• Pharmacological investigation of kinases / phosphatases involved in Rac1 tyrosyl phosphorylation.
• Investigation of the relationship between Rac1 activation and tyrosyl phosphorylation under a variety of different growth factors or drug treatments.
• Examine the interaction of phosphotyrosine Rac1 with effectors.
• Examine the potential crosstalk between phosphotyrosine Rac1 and other PTMs that modify this protein.
For more information contact: email@example.com
Signal-Seeker™ Ubiquitination Detection Kit (Cat. # BK161)
Signal-Seeker™ SUMOylation 2/3 Detection Kit (Cat. # BK162)
Signal-Seeker™: BlastR™ Rapid Lysate Prep Kit (Cat. # BLR01)
Signal-Seeker™ Phosphotyrosine Affinity Beads (Cat.# APY03-beads)
Signal-Seeker™: PTMtrue™ Phosphotyrosine Antibody (Cat.# APY03)