Product Uses Include
α-actinin has been purified from rabbit skeletal muscle. The protein is supplied as a lyophilized powder and upon reconstitution, will be in the following buffer: 4 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.6, 4 mM NaCl, 20 μM EDTA, 1% (w/v) sucrose, and 0.2% (w/v) dextran. The lyophilized product is stable at -70°C for at least 2 years. AT01 should be resuspended in nanopure water containing 1 mM β-mercaptoethanol or DTT to the desired working concentration.
Purity is determined by scanning densitometry of the protein on an SDS-PAGE gel. α-actinin is >90% pure.
Figure 1: α-actinin protein purity determination. 20 µg of AT01 was run on an SDS-PAGE gel and stained with coomassie blue.
At 2.5 µM (0.25 mg/ml) α-actinin and 25 µM (1.0 mg/ml) F-actin at pH 7.0 and 24°C, approximately 70% of the α-actinin will co-sediment with F-actin after centrifugation at 150,000 x g for 1 h.
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|Bashirzadeh, Yashar et al.||Encapsulated Actomyosin Patterns Drive Cell-Like Membrane Shape Changes||SSRN Electronic Journal||2021||Article Link|
|Park, Jinho et al.||Crowding tunes the organization and mechanics of actin bundles formed by crosslinking proteins||FEBS Letters||2021||ISSN 1873--3468|
|Rodríguez-Pérez, Fernando et al.||Ubiquitin-dependent remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton drives cell fusion||Developmental Cell||2021||ISSN 1878-1551|
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|Van Der Gucht, Jasper et al.||Stress release drives symmetry breaking for actin-based movement||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America||2005||ISSN 0027-8424|
|Harris, Elizabeth S. et al.||The Mouse Formin, FRLα, Slows Actin Filament Barbed End Elongation, Competes with Capping Protein, Accelerates Polymerization from Monomers, and Severs Filaments||Journal of Biological Chemistry||2004||ISSN 0021-9258|
|Lu, Shajia et al.||New N-RAP-binding partners alpha-actinin, filamin and Krp1 detected by yeast two-hybrid screening: implications for myofibril assembly||Journal of cell science||2003||ISSN 0021--9533|
|Maul, Raymond S. et al.||EPLIN regulates actin dynamics by cross-linking and stabilizing filaments||Journal of Cell Biology||2003||ISSN 0021--9525|
|Salmikangas, Paula et al.||Myotilin, the limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1A (LGMD1A) protein, cross-links actin filaments and controls sarcomere assembly||Human Molecular Genetics||2003||ISSN 0964-6906|
|Karakesisoglou, Iakowos et al.||An Epidermal Plakin That Integrates Actin and Microtubule Networks at Cellular Junctions||Journal of Cell Biology||2000||ISSN 0021--9525|
|Waterman-Storer, Clare et al.||Microtubules remodel actomyosin networks in Xenopus egg extracts via two mechanisms of F-actin transport||Journal of Cell Biology||2000||ISSN 0021-9525|
Question 1: What is the source of the alpha-actinin Cytoskeleton sells?
Answer 1: Cytoskeleton’s alpha-actinin (Cat. # AT01) is purified from rabbit skeletal muscle and has a purity of >85%.
Question 2: Can this alpha-actinin be used for actin bundling experiments?
Answer 2: Yes, Cytoskeleton’s alpha-actinin (Cat. # AT01) is well-suited for actin bundling experiments using skeletal muscle actin, it will not work with non-muscle isoforms of actin. Briefly, α-actinin is tested for biological activity by a co-sedimentation assay with Factin. At 2.5 μM skeletal muscle α-actinin and 25 μM actin in the form of F-actin, >70% α-actinin will co-sediment with F-actin. The reaction is carried out at pH 7.0 for 30 minutes at 24°C (at pH 8.0 α-actinin will not bind). Spin the mixture at 14,000 x g for 10 minutes. Probe a western blot with antibodies against alpha-actinin and actin. An SDS-PAGE gel is loaded with supernatant and pellet samples from alpha-actinin + actin and actin alone. After running the gel to separate samples it is stained with coomassie blue and then analyzed for band intensity at 43 and 116 kDal.
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